Educational Standards and
Curriculum Frameworks for
Developing Educational Standards is an annotated list of Internet sites with K-12 educational standards and curriculum frameworks documents, maintained by Charles Hill and the Putnam Valley Schools in New York. Your help with updates or corrections is greatly appreciated. [This page was last updated on July 19, 2000.] -> Return to the Standards index page.
- US Department of Education
The US Department of Education has its own search site that allows you to search the department, any of its agency web sites (NCES, for example), or a Cross-Site index page that can access some 150 DOE-connected sites. It also maintains a searchable set of research summaries of ERIC Digests from 1992 to the present. Typing in the word "standards" turns up documents about such topics as social studies, the public perception of standards, and standardized tests.
- National Education Goals Panel
The National Education Goals Panel was set up to monitor progress towards Goals 2000 and to "assess and report state and national progress toward achieving the National Education Goals." From this site you can examine the eight national education goals set up by Congress and state governors, review national and state "scorecards" for 1998 and 1999 that provide data for 34 different progress indicators, and compare the results for up to three states at a time. The site also has a publications page with free ordering instructions and download links for quite a few documents. [Thanks to Kirk Winters of the USDOE for keeping people informed about this and other DOE-related programs via his regular mailings.)
- Mid-continent Regional Educational Laboratory (McREL)
The Mid-continent Regional Educational Laboratory is one of the best places to go on the net for educational resources, particularly in the area of standards and frameworks. (Thanks go to Therese Sarah, formerly of McREL, for keeping me updated.) Some of its best offerings include:
- Content Knowledge: A Compendium of Standards and Benchmarks for K-12 Education, by John S. Kendall and Robert J. Marzano. It collates and annotates standards projects from throughout the country in each of 14 content areas.
- Eight Questions You Should Ask Before Implementing Standards-Based Education at the Local Level, by Robert J. Marzano. It lays out options and makes helpful recommendations about everything from what standards schools should draw on (state, national, other) to methods of evaluation.
- Designing a Sustainable Standards-based Assessment System, by Don Burger.
- The Eisenhower High Plains Consortium for Mathematics and Science has a Summary of Analyzed State Curriculum Frameworks - an analysis of math and science frameworks from 33 states.
- National Board for Professional Teaching Standards
The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards is an independent organization working to develop professional standards for teachers. Its site currently offers a policy statement and five propositions that form the rationale for the creation of such standards, a desciption of the process used for standards development, and summaries of the standards already prepared (full text copies must be ordered from the board). Standards documents currently completed or in preparation include general ones for teachers of all ages and content-specific ones for English, math, science, social studies, the arts, vocational education, ESL, and special needs students.
- National Business Education Association
The National Business Education Association has developed guidelines for National Standards for Business Education. These cover the areas of accounting, business law, career development, communications, computation, economics and personal finance, entrepreneurship, information systems, international business, management, and marketing. The web site has basic information for each category and ordering information for the complete document.
- National Council on Economic Education
The National Council on Economic Education maintains an Economics America site and has helped issue a set of Voluntary National Content Standards for Economic Education. This contains 20 content standards, a supplementary handbook, various online lesson plans, and ordering information for the whole document. Covering grades three through twelve, the online lessons can be searched by standard, title, grade, or concept. Each lesson is fully described and is linked back to one of the economic standards.
- National Skills Standards Board
The Department of Education and the Department of Labor, beginning in 1992, have funded twenty-two Occupational Skill Standards Projects (for example: biotechnology, electrical construction, and human service), each designed to identify the key skills needed for American workers to compete in the global economy. This project, the National Skills Standards Board, has its own web site, lists of standards for each skill, and a variety of bulletins and other publications. (Thanks go to Therese Sarah, formerly of McREL, for updating me about this site.)
The DOE's Arizona Standards site offers sections on standards for the arts, foreign language, health, language arts, math, physical education, science, technology, and workplace skills. A typical section contains a rationale and four to seven standards, along with performance objectives for various grade levels. Social studies was added shortly after its adoption in March 2000. Meanwhile, the technology standards are still in draft form. This standards site also has links to student guides, a writing rubric, and "Standards Cards" (Adobe Acrobat copies of standards for language arts, math, science, social studies, and the workplace) Finally, a Arizona Academic Standards, Functional Level for Students with Significant Disabilities document that tries to define basic functioning levels in different subject areas. [Thanks to Brian Hamilton of ACT, John Kendall of McREL, Julia Menkee of MediaSeek, John Kotcho of the Nautilus Elementary School, Karen Birgam Martin, and Dr. Peggy George, principal of the Orangewood Elementary School for these updates.]
The California Commission on Teacher Credentialing offers a wealth of information about teacher certification requirements and procedures. Its section on Standards for Educator Preparation and Competence includes links to teaching credential standards in general and to specific subject area and specialist standards. (Thanks to Bob Salley of CTC for this information.)
The California Department of Education offers a set of pages devoted to the Challenge Standards for Student Success. Available for all major subject areas, the documents (available as Adobe Acrobat files) contain draft grade level standards, examples of appropriate student work that meets the demands of the standards, and sample activities. The site also has links to departmental resources (including a listserv), a bibliography, and a listing of relevant Internet sites.
The California Instructional Technology Clearinghouse maintains an impressive and comprehensive databaseof more than 3700 instructional materials linked to state standards and curriculum frameworks. You can search the database by keyword, subject, platorm, or grade level - or dig down into the areas of ELA, math, science, or social studies and do a search on individual standards. The results generally lead you to highly rated software titles (the rating criteria are described on the web site). (Thanks to Laurie Swiryn of Cuesta Technologies for information about this link.)
The curriculum section of the District of Columbia Public Schools web site contains a brief statement about the city's Content Standards. It lists completed and pending work in different content areas.
Reflecting the growing national emphasis on standards, the Delaware Department of Education's home page offers quite a bit of information about academic standards and student assessment. Want to know how a particular school did on its tests? Go to the online profiles and see for yourself how its students fared on the State Content Standards. Alterntively, you can visit the state student testing program Online Reports for easy and comprehensible access to disaggregated data. Meanwhile, a Professional and Curriculum Standards link takes you to standards, assessments, and sample activities (organized by grade and subject) for English language arts, math, science, and social studies (all published in 1995), the arts and foreign language (1997), and business (1998).
The Sunshine State Standards, approved by the State Board of Education on May 29, 1996, are available on the Florida Department of Education's web site in the areas of the arts (dance, music, theatre, visual arts), English/language arts, foreign language, health, math, physical education, science, and social studies. Standards for each area are divided into four grade level groupings (Pre-K to 2, grades 3-5, grades 6-8, and grades 9-12), with a web page devoted to each. A typical page contains major subject area topics with relevant standards and their subcategories elaborated upon underneath. This site also offers a page of questions and answers; a "curriculum planning tool" (downloadable in Mac and PC formats) that contains all the benchmarks for each of its standards and, on a separate page, related teacher developed learning activities; and a major section on the applied technology components of the state's curriculum and standards.
The Deaprtment of Education, in collaboration with several other groups, has created a Quality Core Curriculum and Georgia Learning Connections web site that weaves the standards in the Quality Core Curriculum together with an extensive set of instructional resources. The site's centerpiece involves its powerful search capabilities. You can search by subject, grade level, and keyword and get results that include relevant standards along with links to some combination of lesson plans, web resources, and assessments. This latter set of resources appears extensive and is growing regularly. The QCC Standards (or portions thereof) for agriculture, fine arts, foreign language and ESL, guidance and counseling, health and physical education, information literacy, language arts, math, science, social studies, and technology and career education (draft) can also be viewed individually on their own separate pages.
The Hawaii Department of Education's ,a href="http://www.hcps.k12.hi.us/">Content and Performance Standards site has Adobe Acrobat copies of the state's content standards and benchmarks for grades K-3, 4-5, 6-8, and 9-12 in the areas of career and life skills, education technology, fine arts, health, language arts, math, physical education, science, social studies, and world languages. Additionally, the department's Assessment Resource Center Hawai'i, or ARCH, contains a considerable body of resources - among which are several Adobe Acrobat files related to standards and assessments. (Thanks to Neil Pateman of the University of Hawaii for a link update.]
The Indiana Department of Education's section on Indiana Academic Standards offers a number of documents and instructrional resources. Major ones include:Indiana Academic Standards 1999 (Adobe Acrobat copies of grade level booklets for parents about ELA and math standards, specific high school math courses, and answers to sample math standards assessment questions); Science - Standards 2000 draft (background information, a review form for reader comments, and Adobe Acrobat copies of grade level guides); Math draft - Standards 2000 draft (Adobe Acrobat copies of grade level guides); and English/Language Arts - Adopted June 2000 (Adobe Acrobat copies of grade level guides).
An additional resource, the Electronic Library, has links to other proficiency guides (generally course descriptions and content standards) for the Arts (published in 2000, separate drafts for visual arts and music); Business Technology Education (1999); Family and Consumer Sciences (1998); Foreign Languages (1999, draft); Health Education (1998); Physical Education (1998, draft); Social Studies Proficiency Guide (1997).(Thanks to Therese Sarah for this information.)
The education department's Core Content for Assessment site contains several documents each for reading, writing, math, science, social studies, arts and humanities, and vocational studies. These September 1999 "core content" documents contain descriptions of knowledge in each subject area that is so central to the state's vision of education that questions about that knowledge will be included on the state's tests. (In that sense, the core content represents a narrower vision of learning standards than is found in the state's frameworks. ) A second, "crosswalk" document, compares versions 1 and 3 of the core content. [Thanks to Greg Wiseman, of Foley Middle School in Berea, Kentucky, for letting me know this was on line.]
The Maine Department of Education has published final versions of the State of Maine Learning Results. These are separate text and MS Word documents containing the May 1997 versions of the Learning Results in the areas of career preparation, English language arts, health and physical education, math, modern and classical languages, science and technology, social studies, and visual and performing arts. A typical document breaks a subject area down into different categories and lists various student expectations, by grade level, for each. Some documents also have supplementary material included. A separate Learning Results Team page contains information about and links to related planning, implementation, and assessment resources.
Michigan originally approved a set of Core Curriculum Content Standards in August, 1994 containing content standards and performance benchmarks. During the 1995-96 legislative session, the legislature amended the school code, removing the mandate the districts use the state's standards and replacing it with a requirement that each district implement their own - which could be those from the state. In May 1996, the Michigan Department of Education issued a set of Questions and Answers for the Revised School Code dealing with the many changes coming from the legislature.
The Michigan Department of Education Curriculum Development Program has the original Model Content Standards for Curriculum in the areas of language arts, math, occupational education, science, social studies, and technology. Each link takes you to a page listing the relevant standards, with each standard having a link to a slightly more elaborate version, broken down by general grade level. The bottom of the page also has links to a vision statement in each curricular area as well as to sample assessment questions. A related site maintained by the Curriculum Development Unit also has links to the frameworks as well as to content specific and assessment resources in most subject areas. Meanwhile, Draft documents in the areas of Arts Education, Career and Employability Skills, English Language Arts, Health Education, Life Management Education, Mathematics, Physical Education, Science, Social Studies, Technology, and World Languages are linked to the department's gopher site. A typical document contains an overview, the standards (with brief sample performance tasks or student expectations for early elementary, later elementary, middle school, and high school years), and cross-references to documents from other disciplines. (The CoreCurriculum Content Standards can also be downloaded as a single, 547k file.)
Minnesota's Department of Children, Families and Learning maintains an extensive set of pages about its Graduation Standards. The site contains brief explanations for students, parents, teachers, and administrators of the new standards and their associated tests in ten learning areas (reading and listening, writing and speaking, the arts and literature, inquiry, scientific applications, people and cultures, decision making, resource management, and world languages). More extended explanations of these areas appear on a High Standards page. The site also offers sample performance packages (instructional activities tied to particular standards) for selected subjects. It provides a link to Chapter 3501 of the department's rules (which define graduation standards and related requirements). And it offers a Graduation Standard Newsletter with fairly up-to-date information about standards and testing and what they all mean.
The Department of Education has a site with brief descriptions of curriculum frameworks in nine subject areas. Some of these descriptions offer links to more extensive documents that offer comprehensive information about the frameworks, their rationales, benchmarks, and specific instructional and resource recommendations; several lead to little more than course descriptions. Individual documents (and their dates of publication or update) are available for the arts (1996), business (1997), health (1996), language arts (1996), math (1994), physical education (no date listed), science (1996), social studies (1998), and technology (1997). The Department of Education has also published the state's 1995 Mississippi Standards for School Leaders. [My thanks to Julia Menkee of MediaSeek Technologies for update information for this site.]
The Department of Education has published the state's 1995 Mississippi Standards for School Leaders.
The Nebraska Department of Education offers links to an Academic Standards page along with separate links to Adobe Acrobat versions of a Final Report regarding the alignment of certain national tests to the state's content standards. The standards page provides access to web and Adobe Acrobat versions of state standards for reading and writing, math, science, and social studies. A typical document presents an overview, a description of main themes, and sets of standards grouped by grade level (K-1, 2-4, 5-8, and 9-12). The standards page also has links to a definition and rationale statement from the State Board (called "A Special Message About Standards) and to an "Overview of Teacher/Administrator Education and Certification" that links standards and certification together. Finally, various curriculum departments maintain very helpful web sites that contain copies of their standards and frameworks, along with various curriculum resources. These sites include one for Reading and Writing Curriculum and Instruction (Thanks to [email protected] for information about this link), Business Education, Family and Consumer Sciences, Foreign Language, Health, Industrial Technology, Mathematics, Social Studies, Education Technology (which includes separate competencies in technology for educators and students), and the Visual and Performing Arts.
- New Hampshire
The New Hampshire Department of Education's web site has a state Curriculum Frameworks page with links to frameworks for English language arts, math, science, social studies, and career development. The frameworks contain introductory and rationale information followed by lists of standards. A standard typically includes a sentence about the standard accompanied by proficiency standards for various grade levels (usually grades 3, 6, and 10). A separate New Hampshire Educational Improvement Assessment Program (NHEIAP) page answers key questions about state assessments. (Thanks to Judi Edman Yost, Senior Trainer at the Institute of Computer Technology, for an update about this link.)
- New Jersey
The Education Department has a Standards and Assessment page containing links to the New Jersey core curriculum content standards and the state frameworks, support resources called FANS ("Families Achieving the New Standards"), and various assessment reports and explanatory documents. The core curriculum content standards link leads to a rationale and list of standards in various subject areas, with most standards having a page that briefly describes the standard and offers progress indicators for grades 4, 8, and 12. The frameworks link leads to the final frameworks for language arts, math, science, visual and performing arts, and world languages - and to a draft framework for social studies. (Thanks to Grant Wiggins of the Center on Learning, Assessment, and School Structure for a link update.)
- New Mexico
The Center for the Education and Study of Diverse Populations (CESDP) at New Mexico Highlands University maintains an excellent New Mexico Standards site. Redesigned in 1999, its subject area pages typicallly contain links to standards and benchmarks, sample lessons, relevant Internet resources, and performance standards. In most cases you can view all of these items on line and download an Adobe Acrobat version of the standards. Also on line is an informative Standards Primer with information about state standards, curriculum, and assessment.
- New York
NYCENet, the New York City Educational NETwork has an Educational Resources page containing links to various city frameworks. In general, the links take you to lists of "curriculum frameworks expectations" for elementary, middle, and high school grades. Each "expectation" has a link to a relevant net site and some brief plans about what students should do at that site. This approach looks very helpful for teachers and most of the sites and plans are good, but teachers should explore the sites ahead of time, do their own detailed planning, and read the cautionary notes that accompany some of the site descriptions.
- New York
In collaboration with the New York State Education Department, OCM BOCES (the Onondaga-Cortland-Madison BOCES Regional Information Center) maintains a State Learning Standards site that offers quick access to NYS standards, frameworks, and assessment resources for the arts; career development and occupational studies; English language arts; health, physical education, and home economics; math, science, and technology; and social studies. Checking on the Planned Assessment of New York State Standards page on a regular basis may also be a good idea, as the time and grades of their administration still appears open to some changes.
- New York
The New York State Education Department has a number of useful pages spread throughout its web site. These include:
- November 1999 links to district and school level results on the state's new high stakes testing program. In this case, the links are for the fourth and eighth grade English language arts and math tests.
- An EMSC Learning Standards section with links to pages with Adobe Acrobat copies of curriculum standards, frameworks, and resource guides in most subject areas. One of the Acrobat documents is an update on the relationship between the learning standards and the state's new assessment system.
- The Curriculum/Instruction/Assessment and Regional School/Community Services Division has a site with links to documents about new state tests, the commissioner's teleconference transcripts, explanatory documents in English and Spanish for parents - and more.
- A Fall 1998 web version of a slide presentation about standards called Overall Strategy for Raising Student Performance.
- Adobe Acrobat copies of summaries and full-text versions of the new Part 100 Commissioner's Regulations. These regulations form a general link between standards and graduation requirements.
- Information about the pending Annual Professional Performance Review and Professional Development Plan, that lacks only a September 1999 vote to become a Part 100 mandate. The amendment in effect describes general standards for teacher performance.
- Results of the new state testing program, with links back to state standards. The Grade 4 ELA page for January 1999 is informative, but huge.
- A copy of the Board of Regents Task Force on Teaching paper, Teaching to Higher Standards: New York's Commitment.
- Draft Regulations on the Registration of Teacher Education Programs to Implement New York's Commitment: Teaching to Higher Standards.
- North Carolina
The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction's innovative Curriculum Matrix page shows a list of subjects reading down and various grade levels reading across. Clicking on any intersection takes you to a page with standards and frameworks for that subject and grade - along with links to online resources and relevant publications (the latter are for sale by the department). The department also has pages devoted to assessment and to its new (in 1999) Accountability Standards - statements of what students must do in order to gain promotion from grades 3, 5, 8, and 12.
- North Dakota
The VT Programs and Functions portion of the North Dakota State Board for Vocational and Technical Education's web site offers information about courses in the areas of family and consumer sciences, occupational education, and technology education. The information varies from brief course descriptions to lists of expected student outcomes. None of it is particularly extensive.
The Department of Education's Ohio Standards page now contains only one link - to an April 1998 document that basically says that the implemenation of state standards is at a political standstill.
The Oregon Public Education Network Clearinghouse maintains an Oregon School Reform site containing valuable resources related to state standards as well as to PASS. The Oregon Content Standards page, in particular, has a rich offering - including links to a searchable data base containing common curriculum goals, content standards, and benchmarks for various key grade levels in several different subjects.
The Oregon State Education Department's Office of Curriculum, Instruction and Field Services has an academic standards page with Adobe Acrobat versions of the state K-12 standards and benchmarks for English, math, science, and social studies; a page describing progress toward the development of arts standards; and an Adobe Acrobat file called Teaching and Learning to Standards that contains standards and benchmarks for various subject areas.
The Pennsylvania Department of Education offers a Proposed Academic Standards page that provides access to background information about state standards, a comparison of the proposed standards to the ill-fated OBE proposal of several years ago, links to Adobe Acrobat versions of the final standards for language arts and math, and Adobe Acrobat copies of the proposed standards for the environment and ecology, science and technology, economics, and civics and government. Standards in the areas of health, the arts, family and consumer science, career education, world languages, and several of the social studies are apparently still under review and do not appear on the department's web site. Also worth noting, the department has put online the contents of the PSSA Classroom Connections CD that it has been using to train teachers in strategies for aligning instruction with the commonwealth's new standards for writing, reading, and math.
The Texas Education Agency published final versions of the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) in September 1997. Organized into two "clusters," the TEKS contain basic understandings, knowledge and skills expectations, and performance descriptions for each content area. TEKS can be read on screen, searched, or downloaded as Word 6 files. There is a Q&A section of the site that tries to deal with some of the criticisms that have been raised about standards and frameworks throughout the country. The site also offers a very useful TEKS Search page you can use to find any instance of any word or phrase in any TEKS documents. TEKS documets are available for the arts, English language arts, foreign language, health, home economics, math, occupational education (including separate files on agricultural science, business education, career orientation, health science technology, marketing education, trade and industrial education), physical education, science, social studies, Spanish and ESL, and technology. (Thanks to Therese Sarah, formerly of McREL, for some of this update.)
The Utah Education Network has thestandards for the state's Core Curriculum on line. A Core Curriculum/Course Descriptions page has links to documents for major subject areas, with individual documents for grades K to 6 and documents for the secondary grades that are either grouped by grade or by topic. A typical document describes a course, lists core standards, and briefly describes student objectives that meet each standard. UEN also has a very strong set of links to Internet resources as well as to its own set of lesson plans (including a searchable Curriculum Database). A similar set of core curriculum resources is available from the Utah Department of Education's Curriculum and Instruction Homepage (some of which include links back to UEN's pages). Additional information in the areas of occupational, family and consumer sciences, and technology education appear on the Applied Technology Education page.(Thanks go to Ginny Gale from the UtahLink/Utah Education Network, June Matheson from the Utah State Office of Education, and Virgil Jacobsen from the Alpine School District in American Fork, Utah for UEN updates.)
- West Virginia
The West Virginia Department of Education's Instructional Goals and Objectives page provides access to the state's courses of study for different grades. Individual grade level pages for grades K to 8 contain lists of skills and knowledge students should master in the areas of the arts, language arts, math, science, and social studies (with technology being woven into each of those areas). For grades 9 to 12, the focus is on subject area pages in the fields of the arts, language arts, driver education, foreign language, health, math, vocational education, physical education, science, and social studies. (Thanks go to Darby Shafer, Coordinator of the WVDE/IBM Reinventing Education Grant, for the update.)
The Department of Public Instruction has published copies of the Wisconsin Model Academic Standards on its web site. The standards for language arts, math, science, and social studies can be viewed online. The others must be downloaded as Adobe Acrobat files. A typical document contains the relevant content standards, rationales, specific performance standards for grades 4, 8, and 12, and a sample proficiency standard. A separate page describes the state's Proficiency Standards along with proficiency category information for language arts, math, science, and social studies.
- Canada (Alberta)
The Alberta Department of Learning/A>'s section on Student Programs contains links to outcomes and programs of study in most subject areas. Further information about standards and assessment appears on the Teaching page. Finally, an Information and Communication Technology contains outcomes, a curriculum scheduled for June 2000 implementation, and a significant body of resources related both the technological and the library media side of information.
- Canada (British Columbia)
Curriculum and Resources BranchBritish Columbia Ministry of Education lists a variety of reports on curriculum and assessment on a Publications page. (Of particular interest are task reports for math and social studies, both released fairly recently). A separate Prescribed Learning Outcomes page contains outcomes links for most subject areas.